Excess weight is associated with a host of preventable diseases including cardiovascular disorders, diabetes and certain forms of cancer.
Below are descriptions of a small sampling of the currently available research on whole grains and weight.
- A review of 38 (22 cross-sectional, 11 prospective cohort, and five intervention) studies investigated the impact of bread on weight. The study, which was published in the peer-reviewed Nutrition Reviews, found that diets that included bread and pasta were not associated with weight gain. It also concluded that the consumption of whole grain foods provides more health benefits than refined grain foods, particularly as it relates to abdominal fat. Access the study here.
- A review of 15 observational, cohort studies that compared people who ate three whole-grain servings to those who ate very few servings. The study, which was published in the peer-reviewed Public Health Nutrition, found that subjects who ate more whole grains had lower body mass index, smaller waists and a healthier waist-to-hip ratio. Find the full study here.
- A cross-sectional study examined dietary data, body mass index and waist size for one year in 2,092 women. The study, which was published in the peer-reviewed Journal of the American College of Nutrition, found that women who ate at least one serving of whole grains daily had significantly lower BMI and waist circumference than those who consumed no whole grains. As the amount of whole grains eaten increased, BMI decreased. Find the full study here.